21st Workshop on Aggression 18-19 nov.

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Oradea

 

Located just 8 miles from the Hungarian border and spanning both shores of the Crisu Repede River, the elegant city of Oradea is a great starting point for exploring Romania.

First documented in 1113, under the Latin name Varadinum,the city was administered at various times by the Principality of Transylvania, the Ottoman Empire, and the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1598, the Oradea fortress was besieged and, on August 27, 1660, it fell to the Ottoman raids, only to be seized in 1692 by the Austrians. Austrian mathematician Georg von Peuerbach (1423 – 1461) worked at the Observatory of Varadinum (present-day Oradea), using it as the reference or prime meridian of Earth in his Tabula Varadiensis, published posthumously in 1464.

The town is crossed by the main road linking the Hungarian border with Cluj Napoca and Deva. On opposite sides of the Crisu Repede River are the Union Square (Piata Unirii) and King Fedinand Square (Piata Regele Ferdinand), off which runs strada Republicii, a central pedestrian-only shopping street in Oradea, displaying an incredible number of Secession buildings. In the summertime, the café terraces lining the banks of the Crisu Repede afford some great views of the town's lavish landmarks.

Some of Oradea’s turistic atractions are:

  • The Bishop's Palace - one of Oradea's most splendid edifices, was modeled on drawings by Italian architect Giovanni Battista Ricca and completed in 1770 by Austrian architect Franz Anton Hillerbrandt.
  • The Roman Catholic Cathedral, built between 1752 and 1780, is Romania's largest Baroque religious edifice. 
  • The Black Eagle Palace - A glass-roofed art nouveau shopping arcade (Pasajul Vulturul Negru) runs through the two main buildings of the palace. Inside you will find shops, a four-star hotel, cafes and a cinema.
  • The late Baroque Church of the Moon - The clock mechanism, installed in 1793, features a half-gold, half-black sphere, maintained in perpetual motion, reproducing the phases of the moon and lending the church its name.
  • The Town Hall building , located on the right of the city library, was designed by local architect Kalman Rimanoczy Jr as well. The building features a 160 feet-tall clock tower.
  • The State Theater, located across the bridge from Union Square and dominating the King Ferdinanrd Square was designed in 1900 by Austrian architects Fellner and Hellmer, who also designed the Vienna Opera House.
  • The Zion Synagogue - A grandiose Neolog temple, it was designed by David Busch, the town's chief municipal architect at the time, and constructed in 1878.
  • The Citadel of Oradea - The first documentary mentioning of the name of the town (Varadinum) shows up in 1113 though it seems that its foundation has been set on the bank of the Crişul Repede River, a long time before that year.

Baile Felix

 

A spa resort located only 5 miles south of Oradea, is home to several thermal springs and medical centers offering treatments that alleviate rheumatism, arthritis, and neurological problems.

Established in the 18th century, Baile Felix is currently Romania's largest health resort, open year-round. The thermal waters found here, very rich in oligominerals, are supplemented by sapropelic mud. This natural combination has proven helpful in easing the effects of rheumatism and some paralysis, as well as gynecological affections and nervous disorders.

The miraculous effects of thermal water are known since Roman times. Tradition claims that by the year 1095 King Ladislaus, traveling through these lands would have discovered the hot springs with miraculous effects. The oldest testimony about the existence of these baths date back to 1221, the time of Magno Hevius Batie - Varadin who endured these places until the Turkish times.

Here, in a unique microclimate in Europe created by the hot springs, grow white water lily (Nymphaea Candida ), Sacred Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) and swamp cypresses (Taxodium distichum). In 1931, following the actions of Professor Alexandru Borza , the thermal water lily was declared a natural monument.

 
 
Oradea can be reached in several ways:
By air: 
Oradea International Airport (OMR) - ww.aeroportoradea.ro/ro/

Address: Calea Aradului 80, Oradea
Telephone: 0259 416.082
The airport is located 3.1 miles southwest of the city centre.

Airlines with service to Oradea: Tarom – www.tarom.ro

Nearby airports located in:

You can also arrive in Orade via other cities in Romania, like Cluj Napoca, Timişoara, Bucharest. There are busses, trains and planes which make these connections.

Cluj Napoca - http://airportcluj.ro/

Timisoara - http://www.aerotim.ro/

Bucharest - http://www.bucharestairports.ro/

 

By bus

Oradea Bus Stations /Autogari Oradea 
www.autogari.ro/Oradea

Daily domestic bus service from/to:
Arad, Bicaz, Bistrita, Bucharest, Cluj Napoca, Deva, Horezu, Lacu Rosu, Piatra Neamt, Reghin, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Targu Mures, Timisoara, Turda

By car

The fastest route from Bucharest to Oradea is via A1 / E81 - E68 - E79 / DN76:
Bucuresti – Pitesti – Ramnicu Valcea – Sibiu – Alba Iulia – Deva - Beius – Oradea

Driving route from Budapest to Oradea via E60 - E671 / E 69: Budapest – Szolnok – Oradea

Distance from Oradea to:

City

Distance
(Miles)

Arad

76

Baia Mare

122

Bucharest

347

Brasov

269

Budapest

163

Cluj Napoca

95

Constanta

482

Iasi

327

Satu Mare

80

Sibiu

177

Sighetu Marmatiei

138

Sighisoara

189

Suceava

278

Timisoara

109

By train

Oradea Train Station (Gara Oradea)

Address: Str. Republicii 114, Oradea
Tel: 0259 414.970

The train station is located about 1.2 miles from downtown. Tram # 1 and 4 run south from Piata Bucuresti (just outside of the train station) to Piata Unirii, Oradea's main square.

There are daily trains from/to Budapest (journey time – 4 hours). Trains from/to other western European cities run via Budapest.

For a list of international trains with service to/from Romania please visit:
www.RomaniaTourism.com/...ByTrain

There are daily trains with service from Oradea to:
Arad (2 hours)
Baia Mare (3 1/2 hours)
Bucharest (12 hours)
Brasov (8 ½ to 10 hours)
Cluj Napoca (2 ½ to 4 hours)
Sighisoara (6 ½ hours)
Suceava (9 1/2 hours)
Timisoara (2 ½ to 4 hours)

To check the latest train schedule for domestic routes, please visit the website of the Romanian Railways: 
www.cfrcalatori.ro 

Letter of Invitation and Visa

If you need a formal letter of invitation to help obtain funding for or a visa to attend the Congress, please contact the Conference Organizing Committee at spopa@uoradea.ro.  

Requirements for entry into Romania and all other information you might need with regard to obtaining a visa can be found at http://www.mae.ro/en/node/2035 .

Standard Time

The standard time in Romania is the East European Time (GMT + 2 hours).

Currency

Romania’s official currency is LEU (pl. LEI); 1 LEU has 100 BANI. The international symbol is RON, but the currency is still referred to as LEI. For an updated currency rate visit http://www.bnr.ro/Exchange-rates-1224.aspx (the official site of the National Bank of Romania).